This post is about 5 very influential filmmakers that have made a big and positive name for themselves in the field of cinematography and have changed it in some way. Enjoy!
Georges Méliès (1861-1938)
Georges Méliès (full name: Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès) was born on December 8, 1861 in France. He became a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for many different reasons, but mostly for leading many of narrative and technical developments that arose in the earliest days of cinema. He has become the prolific innovator in use of special effects, most noted by his accidental discovery of the substitution stop trick (which is a film special effect that occurs when an object is filmed then while the camera is off, the object is moved out of side of the camera, then the camera is turned back on, creating the illusion the object has disappeared). His most famous and best-known films are A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904), which are both noted as the first films to use special effects, thanks to Méliès.
Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980)
Alfred Hitchcock (full name: Alfred Joseph Hitchcock) was born on August 13, 1899 in Leytonstone, London, England. He started at a studio in London as a title designer and got his first chance to direct in 1923 by directing Always Tell Your Wife when the original director fell ill. Afterwards, he became assistant director for the company and after several films, his career as a director had finally begun. He has pioneered many techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. He fashioned himself a distinctive and recognizable directorial style by pioneering the use of a camera made to move in a way that resembles or mimics the gaze of a person, forcing the viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. He also framed shots to maximize anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used very innovative film editing techniques. Hitchcock directed more than fifty feature films over a sixty-year career period. Hitchcock has been described as one of the most influential filmmakers of all time.
Martin Scorsese (1942-Present)
Martin Scorsese (full name: Martin Charles Scorsese) was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, New York. In his early years he made many prize-winning short films and in 1967 directed his first feature film, Who’s That Knocking at My Door. He has directed many major motion pictures, which include Taxi Driver (1976), The Last Waltz (1978), Raging Bull (1980), and more recently Shutter Island (2010). His works are significant for addressing such themes as Italian American identity, the concept of guilt and redemption based on the ideals of the Roman Catholic, and modern crime and gang conflict. Many of his films are recognized for their depiction of violence and liberal use of profanity. He has been nominated for eight Best Director awards and has won many awards for his work.
Quentin Tarantino (1963-Present)
Quentin Tarantino (full name: Quentin Jerome Tarantino) was born on March 27, 1963 in Knoxville Tennessee. His films have been labeled by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter, and aestheticization of violence. Tarantino is known as a “director DJ”, because of his use of mix-and-match genre and music infusion, morphing a variety of old works to create a new one. His films have gathered a lot of critical and commercial success, including him winning two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, and two BAFTA Awards. Some of his films include Reservoir Dogs (1992), Pulp Fiction (1994), and the Kill Bill Series (2003 and 2004)
Christopher Nolan (1970-Present)
Christopher Nolan (full name: Christopher Jonathan James Nolan) was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. He has created several of the most successful films of the early 21st century. His eight films have produced more than $3.5 billion worldwide. Nolan has rooted his movies in philosophical, sociological, and ethical concepts and ideas, exploring human morality, construction of time, and the malleable nature of memory and personal identity. He has experimented with metaficitive (romantic irony) elements, temporal shifts, and analogous relationships between the visual language and narrative elements. These factors plus some other tiny pieces dominate his entire works. Nolan is a three-time Academy Award nominee and a recipient of numerous achievement awards in this field. Nolan’s eight movies are: Following (1998), Memento (2000), Insomnia (2002), Batman Begins (2005), The Prestige (2006), The Dark Knight (2008), Inception (2010), and The Dark Knight Rises (2012).